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Sujuk consists of ground meat (usually beef, but pork is used in non-Muslim countries and horse meat in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan), with various spices including cumin, sumac, garlic, salt, and red pepper, fed into a sausage casing and allowed to dry for several weeks. It can be more or less spicy; it is fairly salty and has a high fat content.
Sujuk may be eaten cooked (when raw, it is very hard and stiff). It is often cut into slices and cooked without additional oil, its own fat being sufficient to fry it. At breakfast, it is used in a way similar to bacon or spam. It is fried in a pan, often with eggs (e.g. as breakfast in Egypt), accompanied by a hot cup of sweet black tea. Sujuk is sometimes cooked with haricot bean or incorporated into pastries at some regions in Turkey. In Bulgaria, raw, sliced sujuk is often served as an appetizer with rakia or other high alcoholic drinks. In Lebanon, cooked sliced sujuk is made into sandwiches with garlic sauce and tomato.
Sujuk is also commonly used as a topping on savoury pastries in Iraq, Syria, Egypt, Israel and Lebanon; sujuk shawarma is also occasionally found. Akin to sujuk shawarma, sujuk döner was also introduced in Turkey in late 1990s.
The Turkish name sucuk (IPA /sudʒuk/, derived from Old Turkic suchuq) has been adopted unmodified in the languages of the region: Bulgarian суджук, sudzhuk; Russian суджук, sudzhuk; Albanian suxhuk; Romanian sugiuc; Serbian/Croatian/Bosnian sudžuka (or sujuka)/cyџyka; Macedonian: суџук, sudžuk; Armenian սուջուխ, suǰux; Arabic سجق, sujuq; Greek σουτζούκι, soutzouki. And of course it is well known among Turkic peoples: (Kyrgyz чучук, chuchuk; Kazakh шұжық, shujiq).
There is also a sausage-shaped confection called sujuk, (Armenian ընկույզով, քաղցր սուջուխ = walnut sujuk), pestil cevizli sucuk (Turkey), soutzoukos (Greece), or churchkhela (Georgia); it is made from walnuts sewn onto a string, and dipped in thickened grape jelly manufactured from concentrated grape juice and some starch and then dried..
See also Edit
- Soutzoukakia, spicy meatballs in sauce whose name means literally 'little sujuk'
- Mahan (Russian Махан (колбаса)) a sausage of Crimean Tatars